The Upanishads, Part 1-2

SECOND KHANDA 1.

1. When the Devas and Asuras struggled together, both of the race of Pragâpati, the Devas took the udgîtha (Om), thinking they would vanquish the Asuras with it.

2. They meditated on the udgîtha (Om) as the breath (scent) in the nose, but the Asuras pierced it (the breath) with evil. Therefore we smell by the breath in the nose both what is good-smelling and what is bad-smelling. For the breath was pierced by evil.

3. Then they meditated on the udgîtha (Om) as speech, but the Asuras pierced it with evil. Therefore we speak both truth and falsehood. For speech is pierced by evil.

4. Then they meditated on the udgîtha (Om) as the eye, but the Asuras pierced it with evil. Therefore we see both what is sightly and unsightly. For the eye is pierced by evil.

5. Then they meditated on the udgîtha (Om) as the ear, but the Asuras pierced it with evil. Therefore we hear both what should be heard and what should not be heard. For the car is pierced by evil.

6. Then they meditated on the udgîtha (Om) as the mind, but the Asuras pierced it with evil. Therefore we conceive both what should be conceived and what should not be conceived. For the mind is pierced by evil.

7. Then comes this breath (of life) in the mouth. They meditated on the udgîtha (Om) as that breath. When the Asuras came to it, they were scattered, as (a ball of earth) would be scattered when hitting a solid stone.

8. Thus, as a ball of earth is scattered when hitting on a solid stone, will he be scattered who wishes evil to one who knows this, or who persecutes him; for he is a solid stone.

9. By it (the breath in the mouth) he distinguishes neither what is good nor what is bad-smelling, for that breath is free from evil. What we eat and drink with it supports the other vital breaths (i. e. the senses, such as smell, etc.) When at the time of death he does not find that breath (in the mouth, through which he eats and drinks and lives), then he departs. He opens the mouth at the time of death (as if wishing to eat).

10. Aṅgiras meditated on the udgîtha (Om) as that breath, and people hold it to be Aṅgiras, i. e. the essence of the members (angânâm rasah);

11. Therefore Brihaspati meditated on udgîtha (Om) as that breath, and people hold it to be Brihaspati, for speech is brihatî, and he (that breath) is the lord (pati) of speech;

12. Therefore Ayâsya meditated on the udgîtha (Om) as that breath, and people hold it to be Ayâsya, because it comes (ayati) from the mouth (âsya);

13. Therefore Vaka Dâlbhya knew it. He was the Udgâtri (singer) of the Naimishîya-sacrificers, and by singing he obtained for them their wishes.

14. He who knows this, and meditates on the syllable Om (the imperishable udgîtha) as the breath of life in the mouth, he obtains all wishes by singing. So much for the udgîtha (Om) as meditated on with reference to the body.

Om Namah Shivay

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The Upanishads, Part 1-1

LET a man meditate on the syllable Om, called the udgîtha; for the udgîtha (a portion of the Sâma-veda) is sung, beginning with Om.

The Khândogya-upanishad begins with recommending meditation on the syllable Om, a sacred syllable that had to be pronounced at the beginning of each Veda and of every recitation of Vedic hymns. As connected with the Sâma-veda, that syllable Om is called udgîtha. Its more usual name is pranava. The object of the Upanishad is to explain the various meanings which the syllable Om may assume in the mind of a devotee, some of them being extremely artificial and senseless, till at last the highest meaning of Om is reached, viz. Brahman, the intelligent cause of the universe.

The essence of all beings is the earth, the essence of the earth is water, the essence of water- the plants, the essence of plants- man, the essence of man- speech, the essence of speech -the Rig-veda, the essence of the Rig-veda- the Sâma-veda , the essence of the Sâma-veda- the udgîtha (which is Om).

That udgîtha (Om) is the best of all essences, the highest, deserving the highest place.

What then is the Rik? What is the Sâman? What is the udgîtha? ‘This is the question.

The Rik indeed is speech, Sâman is breath, the udgîtha is the syllable Om. Now speech and breath, or Rik and Sâman, form one couple.

And that couple is joined together in the syllable Om. When two people come together, they fulfil each other’s desire.

Thus he who knowing this, meditates on the syllable (Om), the udgîtha, becomes indeed a fulfiller of desires.

That syllable is a syllable of permission, for whenever we permit anything, we say Om, yes. Now permission is gratification. He who knowing this meditates on the syllable (Om), the udgîtha, becomes indeed a gratifier of desires.

By that syllable does the threefold knowledge (the sacrifice, more particularly the Soma-sacrifice, as founded on the three Vedas) proceed. When the Adhvaryu priest gives an order, he says Om. When the Hotri priest recites, he says Om. When the Udgâtri priest sings, he says Om, all for the glory of that syllable. The threefold knowledge (the sacrifice) proceeds by the greatness of that syllable (the vital breaths), and by its essence (the oblations).

Now therefore it would seem to follow, that both he who knows this (the true meaning of the syllable Om), and he who does not, perform the same sacrifice. But this is not so, for knowledge and ignorance are different. The sacrifice which a man performs with knowledge, faith, and the Upanishad is more powerful. This is the full account of the syllable Om.

Om Namah Shivay

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स्वास्थ्य के लिए भी बेहद लाभप्रद है “ॐ” का उच्चारण

“ॐ” इस एक शब्द में पूरे ब्रह्माण्ड का सार समाहित है। तीन अक्षर अ, उ और म के युग्म से मिलकर बना यह एक शब्द मनुष्य जीवन के सभी कष्टों को दूर कर सकता है।

कभी आपने सोचा है कि ॐ, एक छोटा सा शब्द जो सभी मंत्रों का सार है, सृष्टि का निर्माता है उसके ये तीन अक्षर (अ, उ और म) कहना क्या चाहते हैं।

ॐ शब्द में “अ” का अर्थ है उत्पन्न होना, “उ” से तात्पर्य है उठना या उड़ना अर्थात विकास करना और “म” से आप मौन समझ सकते हैं, जिसका अर्थ है ब्रह्मलीन हो जाना।

जब आप इन तीन शब्दों का नियमित उच्चारण करते हैं तो आपको अपने भीतर सकारात्मकता और नयापन महसूस होने लगता है।

ॐ का उच्चारण आपको मानसिक के साथ-साथ शारीरिक तौर पर भी स्वस्थ रखता है। विश्वास नहीं होता? चलिए जानते हैं ॐ के उच्चारण के शारीरिक फायदे।

आजकल के समय में लोगों की लाइफस्टाइल बहुत जटिल हो गयी है, जिसकी वजह से तनाव और नींद ना आने जैसी समस्या बड़ी कॉमन हो चुकी है।

लेकिन ॐ का सही उच्चारण आपको मानसिक तनाव से मुक्त तो करता ही है, साथ ही साथ आपके अंदर की घबराहट को भी दूर करता है। ॐ का बार-बार जाप करना आपकी मानसिक थकान को भी दूर करता है।

ॐ का उच्चारण हृदय और ख़ून के प्रवाह को भी संतुलित रखता है और साथ ही रक्त संचार को भी सही करता है। ॐ का नियमित उच्चारण करने से ना तो आपको उच्च रक्तचाप और ना ही निम्न रक्तचाप की समस्या का सामना करना पड़ता है।

ॐ का उच्चारण पाचन क्रिया को भी दुरुस्त रखता है और शरीर पर सकारात्मक प्रभाव डालता है।

अगर आपको थायरॉइड ग्रंथि की समस्या है तो इस समस्या का समाधान भी ॐ के उच्चारण की सहायता से किया जा सकता है।

ॐ का उच्चारण गले और स्वर में एक अजीब सी कंपन पैदा करता है जिसका सीधा और सकारात्मक असर थायरॉइड ग्रंथि‍ पर पड़ता है।

विशेष प्राणायाम के साथ ॐ का उच्चारण करने से फेफड़े मजबूत होते हैं और उच्चारण के दौरान होने वाली कंपन से रीढ़ की हड्डी भी मजबूत होती है।

किसी भी प्रकार की थकान हो, ॐ का उच्चारण रामबाण की तरह काम करता है। अपनी आंखों को हल्का बंद कर एकाग्र होकर ॐ का उच्चारण करने से थकान से राहत मिलती है।

इसके अलावा ॐ का नियमित उच्चारण करना आपको आलस भरी जिन्दगी से भी निजात दिलाता है। यह आपके शरीर को ताजगी और स्फूर्ति प्रदान करता है।

Om Namah Shivay

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A Bond of Friendship

Just imagine yourself in a position where you do a mistake and someone keeps asking for an explanation about your mistake. It is such a burden to explain to somebody or to justify oneself, right?

Never make the other person feel guilty. This is very important. Anyone whom you make to feel guilty will cease to be your friend somewhere deep inside. The bond of friendship gets loosened.

There is a skill in making a person aware of his mistake without making him feel guilty.

However, the normal tendency in human beings is to make someone feel guilty and then feel happy about it. We have to rise above this normal tendency, and not make someone feel guilty. Then, your relationship will be longstanding.

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Q: These practices bring so much inner comfort. If I do a lot of practice, will it make me more happy?

Guruji: Don’t do too much of practice. Move ahead gradually. Do only as much as needed. Do that much to which your body gets accustomed to.

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It is extremely important for an unfit person to meditate so that he becomes skillful. A skilled person also needs to meditate in order to maintain his skills. The abilities within us must not diminish. That is why a skilled person must also meditate every day.

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Q: Did Om originate from silence, or did silence originate from Om? Which is the root, Om or nothingness?

Guruji: Om is the origin of everything. If it is called the origin of everything, how can Om originate from silence? Silence is absence of sound, but Om is beyond silence. All sounds come from silence, but Om is not a sound like all other sounds. Om is the very vibration of all existence, that is why it is called the sound of one hand clapping; Anahad. It is not something that happened with the clash of two hands. It is beyond space and beyond time, and is beyond words.

Om is the primordial vibration of Creation.

Om Namah Shivay

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