चाणक्य नीति : तीसरा अध्याय-1

चाणक्य नीति  : तीसरा अध्याय | Chanakya Neeti In Hindi :
 
1. इस दुनिया  मे ऐसा किसका घर है जिस पर कोई कलंक नहीं, वह कौन है जो रोग और दुख से मुक्त है.सदा सुख किसको रहता है?
1. In this world, whose family is there without blemish? Who is free from sickness and grief? Who is forever happy?
 
२. मनुष्य के कुल की ख्याति उसके आचरण से होती है, मनुष्य के बोल चल से उसके देश की ख्याति बढ़ती है, मान सम्मान उसके प्रेम को बढ़ता है, एवं उसके शारीर का गठन उसे भोजन से बढ़ता है. 
2. A man’s descent may be discerned by his conduct, his country by his pronunciation of language, his friendship by his warmth and glow, and his capacity to eat by his body.
 
३. लड़की का बयाह अच्छे खानदान मे करना चाहिए. पुत्र  को अचछी शिक्षा देनी चाहिए,  शत्रु को आपत्ति और कष्टों में डालना चाहिए, एवं मित्रों को धर्म कर्म में लगाना चाहिए.
3. Give your daughter in marriage to a good family, engage your son in learning, see that your enemy comes to grief, and engage your friends in dharma. (Krsna consciousness).
 
4. एक दुर्जन और एक सर्प मे यह अंतर है की साप तभी डंख मरेगा जब उसकी जान को खतरा हो लेकिन दुर्जन पग पग पर हानि पहुचने की कोशिश करेगा .
4. Of a rascal and a serpent, the serpent is the better of the two, for he strikes only at the time he is destined to kill, while the former at every step.
 
५. राजा लोग अपने आस पास अच्छे कुल के लोगो को इसलिए रखते है क्योंकि ऐसे लोग ना आरम्भ मे, ना बीच मे और  ना ही  अंत मे साथ छोड़कर जाते है.
5. Therefore kings gather round themselves men of good families, for they never forsake them either at the beginning, the middle or the end.
 
६. जब प्रलय का समय आता है तो समुद्र भी अपनी मयारदा छोड़कर किनारों को छोड़ अथवा तोड़ जाते है, लेकिन सज्जन पुरुष प्रलय के सामान भयंकर आपत्ति अवं विपत्ति में भी आपनी मर्यादा नहीं बदलते.
6. At the time of the pralaya (universal destruction) the oceans are to exceed their limits and seek to change, but a saintly man never changes.
 
७. मूर्खो के साथ मित्रता नहीं रखनी चाहिए उन्हें त्याग देना ही उचित है, क्योंकि प्रत्यक्ष रूप से वे दो पैरों वाले पशु के सामान हैं,जो अपने  धारदार वचनो से वैसे ही हदय को छलनी करता है जैसे अदृश्य काँटा शारीर में घुसकर छलनी करता है .
7. Do not keep company with a fool for as we can see he is a two-legged beast. Like an unseen thorn he pierces the heart with his sharp words.

Om Namah Shivay

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11 Mistakes You Make that Age You-2

6. You only use sunscreen when on vacation.

If you only use sunblock at the beach, you may actually be doing more harm to your skin while running errands and driving than a whole day spent on that beach. Skin damage accumulates, and the sun’s rays are the #1 reason for ageing skin. Dr Taylor, associate professor of dermatology, recommends that you use an SPF between 30-50 for daily protection.

7. You wear too much makeup.

This is not a judgement, just a fact. Many make-up products are oil based, and can clog your pores and cause outbreaks. Overusing skin products with fragrances, alcohol agents and chemicals that irritate may cause premature lines and wrinkles.

8. You sleep with your face against the pillow.

Sleeping on your stomach of side with your face mashed into the pillow may create wrinkles and make your aging process look like it’s going faster. Our facial skin gets less flexible with time, and so as we lay on the pillow night after night, our skin may not spring back and smooth the lines you had, and so the pillow can leave permanent marks on our face. So sleep on your back or invest in a satin pillowcase that’ll keep your skin smooth.

9. You keep your house very warm.

When you turn up the thermostat or light a fireplace because it’s cold, it’s tempting to making it hot and toasty inside. But the problem is that the thermostat, and also the fireplace, suck moisture out of the air in the house, which leads to dry skin. If this goes on, as indeed in cold climates it may, it will lead to damaged skin with ageing effects.

So invest in a humidifier, and set to 40-60% humidity. This will free your skin from the itching, scratching and even flaking that comes with dry air.

Another way to go is placing a wet towel over a radiator or a bowl of cold water in the room.

10. You purse your lips

Drinking your beverages through a straw can help you avoid staining your teeth, but just like squinting can give you wrinkles around the eyes, so can pursing your lips give you wrinkles around the mouth.

By the way, this also often happens when you smoke a cigarette.

11. You’ve stopped eating fat altogether.

Some amounts of fat are required to maintaining a youthful appearance and feeling, according to Franci Cohen, nutritionist and exercise physiologist from Brooklyn, NY. Heart healthy omega 3 fatty acids, which you can find in oily fish such as mackerel or salmon, as well as nuts like walnuts and flax seeds, will keep your skin plump and supple. This will prevent wrinkles while also boosting the health of both your brain and heart.

Om Namah Shivay

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Mahabharata: Epic retold -2

The Sun Sets Early

Yudhisthira looks at me anxiously when I ride up to him. Through the day, messengers have kept him abreast of news from the various fronts. “Not much time left!” he says. “The sun sets early today!”

Krishna Knows About Time

When I look at him, he adds impatiently, “Dakshinayana. Today marks the end of summer solstice!’ I realize why Krishna had summoned the astrologers the night before. At least, he has a more accurate idea of duskfall than any of us.”

Drona’s Formation

Drona has created a formation within the formation, which Arjuna is trying to break into. It is almost certain Jayadratha is inside the second formation. The Panchala princes Yuddhamanyu and Uttamaujas are with Arjuna.

Looking For A Flag

Drishtadyumna too is nearby, engaging Drona’s division, though their battle seems to be taking him away from Arjuna’s forces. Cautioning Yudhisthira to position himself securely and not do anything foolish, I ride back, telling Visoka to find Drishtadyumna’s flag.

Something Is Wrong

The light is beginning to fail when we sight Drishtadyumna’s men. Even as we approach, I sense something is wrong. Cutting through a ring of ground troops, I come to a still chariot. On the deck lies a boy, his throat pierced by a single arrow.

Who Is Responsible?

Kshatradharma, Drishtadyumna’s son. Another sacrifice to the gods of war. From the furious attack Drishtadyumna is launching on Drona, it is clear who is responsible for the death. I rush to assist the Panchala.

A Wheel Will Do the Trick

Two chariots cut across my path. My cousins. Perfect targets for my anger! I leap out of the chariot. Wrenching the wheel of a destroyed vehicle, I send it spinning at the enemy on the left

Bheema In Action

Catching it in his midriff, the Kaurava crumbles against his flagpole like a broken bamboo shoot. Roaring, I jump into the second chariot. When I crush his neck with the metal of his own bow, my cousin lets out a gargling scream. Blood spurts with his last breath.

I’m Good Enough For Two

Two more of the blind man’s sons. I do not even recall their names. How many left now? “Here!” Visoka shouts, driving up close. “We must go to Arjuna quickly!”

Arjuna’s Conch

Fear grips me as we race towards where Arjuna is fighting. The light is almost gone. The battle could end any moment. Before we get closer, I hear a roar. Then, the victorious blare of Arjuna’s conch.

The Dust Settles

When the dust settles, I see the fighting has ended. Krishna and Arjuna, followed by the rest of their contingent, are driving back. At the camp, there is celebration. Yudhisthira and Satyaki embrace the tired but triumphant Arjuna. Krishna is smiling.

Arjuna Breaks The Circle

Yuddhamanyu tells me what happened. Within the cart phalanx, Drona had created a chakravyuha to tuck Jayadratha away from harm. Arjuna had broken into the circle without trouble. Yuddhamanyu, Uttamaujas and a group of soldiers had followed him in.

Om Namah Shivay

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The Avadhoota Gita-25

29. I am without a master and the absence of a master – I am unperturbed. I have transcended mind and absence of mind – I am unperturbed. Know me as unperturbed and transcendent of all. I am the nectar of knowledge, homogenous existence, like the sky.

30. How shall I say that this is a forest or a temple? How shall I say that this is proved or doubtful? It is thus uninterrupted homogenous calm Existence. I am the nectar of knowledge, homogenous existence, like the sky.

31. The Self devoid of life and lifelessness – shines forever. Devoid of seed and seedlessness – of liberation and bondage, it shines forever. I am the nectar of knowledge, homogenous existence, like the sky.

32. It shines forever, devoid of birth – mundane existence and death. I am the nectar of knowledge, homogenous existence, like the sky.

33. Thou hast no name and form – even to the extent of allusion, nor any substance – differentiated or undifferentiated. Why dost thou grieve, O Thou shameless mind? I am the nectar of knowledge, homogenous existence, like the sky.

34. Why weepest thou friend? Thou hast no misery of birth. why weepest thou friend? There is no change for thee. I am the nectar of knowledge, homogenous existence, like the sky.

35. Why dost weep thou friend? Thou hast no natural form. Why dost thou weep friend? Thou hast deformity. Why dost thou weep friend? Thou hast no age. I am the nectar of knowledge, homogenous existence, like the sky.

36. Why dost thou weep friend? Thou hast no age. Why dost thou weep friend? thou hast no mind. Why dost thou weep friend? Thou hast no senses. I am the nectar of knowledge, homogenous existence, like the sky.

37. Why dost thou weep friend? Thou hast no lust. Why dost thou weep friend? Thou hast no greed. Why dost thou weep friend? Thou hast no delusion. I am the nectar of knowledge, homogenous existence, like the sky.

38. Why dost thou desire affluence? Thou hast no wealth. Why dost thou desire affluence? Thou hast no wife. Why dost thou desire affluence? Thou hast none that is thine own. I am the nectar of knowledge, homogenous existence, like the sky.

39. Birth in this universe of false appearances is neither thine nor mine. This shameless mind appears differentiated. This, Devoid of difference and non-difference, is neither mine nor thine. I am the nectar of knowledge, homogenous existence, like the sky.

Om Namah Shivay

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Mahabharata: Epic retold 1

Retelling An Epic
The Mahabharata is an epic that never goes out of fashion. Whenever it is dipped into, one comes out with gems, the biggest diamond it has to offer being the Bhagavad Gita – the divine song sung by none other than Krishna, an avatar of Maha Vishnu, the supreme god of the Hindus…

A Look Inside

The following verses describe the day after Abhimanyu’s killing. 

Abhimanyu’s Killing: The Day After

As the first rays of the sun break through the eastern sky, Arjuna surveys the battle formation. Drona has arranged to protect Jayadratha. Shakatavyuha. The cart phalanx. Somewhere in this solid, square box is his quarry.

A Father Bereaved

My brother’s face is carved in stone, except for his bloodshot eyes that restlessly flit across the enemy line, assessing, calculating. I look at Krishna. It is clear he too has not slept much.

A Teacher’s Target

Drishtadyumna had predicted the enemy would be arrayed in the cart formation. He had also asked Yudhisthira to position himself securely. “The war will be over if Yudhisthira is exposed,” he said. “Drona will target him, especially now that our attention is focussed elsewhere.”

Kauravas’ Defence

Today, Satyaki is guarding my elder brother. Drishtadyumna has asked me not to stray far either. The rest will support Arjuna. As our men crash into the formidable wall Drona has erected, the Kauravas put up a strong defence. Jayadratha is nowhere to be seen.

Metal Tipped Revenge

Leaving Yudhisthira and Satyaki in the second line, I surge ahead behind Arjuna. My brother stands tall in his chariot, deft fingers distributing metal-tipped revenge from the Gandiva in a way I never thought possible.

Arjuna Unleashes Panic

When Arjuna unleashes the fire arrows, there is panic in the enemy ranks. Our ground troops use the confusion to batter their formation. Leaping down from the chariot, I join in the mayhem. I spot one of the Kaurava brothers in the melee, engaging Arjuna but briefly.

Avenging Abhimanyu

For a short while, I hear the mesmerising song of Arjuna’s bowstring. Then, when I look up, he is gone. Drona’s first line lies in tatters. With Nakula and Sahadeva, I fall upon the Kaurava troops, giving them no chance to regroup. Today, we all slaughter to avenge Abhimanyu.

The Eldest On Frontline

At one point, I see Yudhisthira rushing with unexpected fury at Salya. My elder brother matches the more experienced warrior, arrow for arrow. Realising the danger of Yudhisthira continuing on the frontline for too long, I persuade him to leave Salya to me.

Clouds Of Dust

Drishtadyumna has moved farther away by the time Salya retreats. I see his chariot through a cloud of dust, cutting deeper into enemy lines. The sun climbs high, then begins its descent rapidly.

Om Namah Shivay

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11 Mistakes You Make that Age You-1

Ageing gracefully comes easier to some, while not so easy to others. Sometimes it’s a factor of just having good genes, but often they are the decisions we make during our lifetime that determine how fast we’ll appear to age. You may not realize it, but most people commit mistakes every single day that make them age faster than they should, harming their skin and quickening the appearance of old age.

Here 11 mistakes we all make that age us.

1. You try to do too many things at once (Multitasking)

If your to-do list is longer than your arm and you are dealing with the stress of juggling many projects or tasks at once, you’re doing yourself a disservice, says Raymond Casciari, Chief Medical Officer at St. Joseph Hospital. Several studies have shown that day-to-day stress triggers the release of free radicals in the body, which damage cells and quicken the ageing process. The good doctor suggests focusing on one task at a time.

2. You rarely pass on dessert.

Other than being an obviously unhealthy habit, having a sweet tooth may be adding years to your face, as sugar molecules attach themselves to protein fibers in our cells, a process known as glycation. This can lead to an ashen look, dark circles around the eyes, a loss of facial contours, wrinkles, puffiness and bigger pores. So if you want to hold on to that youthful glow, don’t over-do the sugar.

3. You get less than 5-6 hours of sleep a night.

Not getting enough sleep doesn’t only give you black bags under your eyes, but has been linked, through several studies, to a shorter life span. According to Dr. Casciari, the founder of a sleep lab at St. Joseph Hospital, getting about 7 hours of sleep is optimal. So if you find yourself nodding off, low on energy or finding it hard to focus, you’re probably not sleeping enough, and it may age you faster than you’d like.

4. You spend most of your day sitting.

Sitting and leading a sedentary lifestyle are some of the worst problems for aging people in the modern world. Most people do very little physical activity, and the result is an increased risk of kidney disease, cardiovascular disease, cancer and of course obesity.

Studies show that people who exercised 150 minutes a week or more lived 10-13 years longer on average.

5. You don’t use any eye creams.

The skin around your eyes is thinner than the rest of your face, and that is why it usually starts showing signs of aging sooner. Keeping the eye area moisturised can take years off your face. The best creams contain Retin A, which is a form of vitamin A. But you can also add antioxidants, hyaluronic acid and vitamin C.

Om Namah Shivay

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Adding Value to Education-2

Education reform should include innovative strategies that empower teachers to improve student outcomes and nurture their growth. Today, media, Internet, movies and video games bombard children with information. This information overload affects the brain’s capacity to digest and analyze data, and often results in health problems like Attention Deficiency Disorder. Creative methods of teaching can help combat these issues and help children build healthy personalities. In addition to intellectually stimulating children, education systems must also include physical activities such as sports as well as ancient techniques such as meditation, yoga and pranayama as part of a child’s learning process that will teach them how to manage their emotions. True education means more than pursuit of a certain course of study. It means a preparation for achieving life skills to attain not only one’s dreams but also build a safe and strong community. When a child grows up with a sense of belonging towards everybody, he or she is ready to engage with the communities in a meaningful way. And by the time young graduates pass out of college, they learn well how to embrace their duties towards themselves, the nation and the world.

It is time that we came together to identify ways and means of restoring the respect, honour and dignity that education has had historically. The need of the day is a broad-minded education accompanied by a warm and caring heart. The function of education is to teach one to think critically – where intelligence comes with character. It is of no use if one acquires good education and then begins to look down upon others – or just engage in building wealth for oneself. A well-educated person is one who is friendly and compassionate, and is capable of selfless action. A complete education is one which empowers an individual to play the role of a global citizen in making the local community stronger and the world a safer and happier place to live.

Om Namah Shivay

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